- French Polynesia
Introduction ::French PolynesiaBackground:The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were halted in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.Geography ::French PolynesiaLocation:Oceania, five archipelagoes (Archipel Des Tuamotu, Iles Gambier, Iles Marquises, Iles Tubuai, Society Islands) in the South Pacific Ocean about half way between South America and AustraliaGeographic coordinates:15 00 S, 140 00 WArea:total: 4,167 sq km (118 islands and atolls)country comparison to the world: 175land: 3,827 sq kmwater: 340 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly less than one-third the size of ConnecticutLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:2,525 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical, but moderateTerrain:mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefsElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mont Orohena 2,241 mNatural resources:timber, fish, cobalt, hydropowerLand use:arable land: 0.68%permanent crops: 6.28%other: 93.03% (2011)Irrigated land:10 sq km (2003)Natural hazards:occasional cyclonic storms in JanuaryEnvironment - current issues:NAGeography - note:includes five archipelagoes (four volcanic, one coral); Makatea in French Polynesia is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and NauruPeople and Society ::French PolynesiaNationality:noun: French Polynesian(s)adjective: French PolynesianEthnic groups:Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%Languages:French (official) 61.1%, Polynesian (official) 31.4%, Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)Religions:Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 10%, no religion 6%Population:277,293 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 181Age structure:0-14 years: 24.1% (male 34,376/female 32,457)15-24 years: 17.1% (male 24,553/female 22,953)25-54 years: 43.6% (male 62,080/female 58,903)55-64 years: 8.2% (male 11,771/female 11,081)65 years and over: 6.9% (male 9,299/female 9,820) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 42.4 %youth dependency ratio: 32.2 %elderly dependency ratio: 10.2 %potential support ratio: 9.8 (2013)Median age:total: 30.2 yearsmale: 30.1 yearsfemale: 30.3 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:1% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 116Birth rate:15.7 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 128Death rate:4.85 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Net migration rate:-0.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 147Urbanization:urban population: 51% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:PAPEETE (capital) 133,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 4.83 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 181male: 5.36 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 4.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 76.59 yearscountry comparison to the world: 75male: 74.37 yearsfemale: 78.93 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.97 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 133Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 99% of populationrural: 97% of populationtotal: 98% of populationunimproved:urban: 1% of populationrural: 3% of populationtotal: 2% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 14 and over can read and writetotal population: 98%male: 98%female: 98% (1977 est.)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 33.2%country comparison to the world: 18male: 29.3%female: 39.1% (2002)Government ::French PolynesiaCountry name:conventional long form: Overseas Lands of French Polynesiaconventional short form: French Polynesialocal long form: Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaiselocal short form: Polynesie Francaiseformer: French Colony of OceaniaDependency status:overseas lands of France; overseas territory of France from 1946-2003; overseas collectivity of France since 2003, though it is often referred to as an overseas country due to its degree of autonomyGovernment type:parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivityCapital:name: Papeete (located on Tahiti)geographic coordinates: 17 32 S, 149 34 Wtime difference: UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (overseas lands of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are five second order administrative units named Iles Australes, Iles du Vent, Iles Marquises, Iles Sous le Vent, Iles Tuamotu et GambierIndependence:none (overseas lands of France)National holiday:Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1789); note - the local holiday is Internal Autonomy Day, 29 June (1880)Constitution:4 October 1958 (French Constitution)Legal system:the laws of France, where applicable, applySuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by acting High Commissioner of the Republic Gilles CANTAL (since 23 August 2013); note - Lionel BEFFRE was named by the French Council of Ministers to the post on 21 August 2013head of government: President of French Polynesia Gaston FLOSS (since 17 May 2013); President of the Assembly of French Polynesia Jacqui DROLLET (since 14 April 2011)cabinet: Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the French Polynesia government and the president of the Assembly of French Polynesia elected by the members of the assembly for five-year terms (no term limits)Legislative branch:unicameral Assembly of French Polynesia or Assemblee de la Polynesia francaise (57 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 21 April 2013 (first round) and 5 May 2013 (second round) (next to be held in 2018)election results: percent of vote by party - Popular Rally 45.1%, Union for Democracy alliance 29.3%, A Tia Porinetia 25.6%, other 15.8%; seats by party - Popular Rally 38, Union for Democracy alliance 11, A Tia Porinetia 8note: two seats were elected to the French Senate on 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1, independent 1; three seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by June 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 3Judicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel (composition NA)note - appeals beyond the French Polynesia Court of Appeal are heard by the Court of Cassation (in Paris)judge selection and term of office: NAsubordinate courts: Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal AdministratifPolitical parties and leaders:A Tia Porinetia [Teva ROHFRITSCH]Alliance for a New Democracy or ADN (includes the parties The New Star and This Country is Yours)New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile Vernaudon]Our Home alliancePeople's Servant Party (Tavini Huiraatira) [Oscar TEMARU]Popular Rally (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE]Union for Democracy alliance or UPD [Oscar TEMARU]Political pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:ITUC (NGOs), PIF (associate member), SPC, UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas lands of France)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas lands of France)Flag description:two red horizontal bands encase a wide white band in a 1:2:1 ratio; centered on the white band is a disk with a blue and white wave pattern depicting the sea on the lower half and a gold and white ray pattern depicting the sun on the upper half; a Polynesian canoe rides on the wave pattern; the canoe has a crew of five represented by five stars that symbolize the five island groups; red and white are traditional Polynesian colorsnote: similar to the red-white-red flag of Tahiti, the largest of the islands in French Polynesia, which has no emblem in the white band; the flag of France is used for official occasionsNational symbol(s):outrigger canoeNational anthem:name: ""Ia Ora 'O Tahiti Nui"" (Long Live Tahiti Nui)lyrics/music: Maeva BOUGES, Irmine TEHEI, Angele TEROROTUA, Johanna NOUVEAU, Patrick AMARU, Louis MAMATUI and Jean-Pierre CELESTINnote: adopted 1993; serves as a local anthem; as a territory of France, ""La Marseillaise"" is official (see France)Government - note:under certain acts of France, French Polynesia has acquired autonomy in all areas except those relating to police and justice, monetary policy, tertiary education, immigration, and defense and foreign affairs; the duties of its president are fashioned after those of the French prime ministerEconomy ::French PolynesiaEconomy - overview:Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply. Tourism accounts for about one-fourth of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings. Other sources of income are handicrafts, public works projects, aquaculture, pearl farming and deep-sea commercial fishing. The small manufacturing sector primarily processes agricultural products. The territory benefits substantially from development agreements with France aimed principally at creating new businesses and strengthening social services.GDP (purchasing power parity):$5.65 billion (2006 est.)country comparison to the world: 167$5.674 billion (2005 est.)$5.525 billion (2004 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$5.65 billion (2006)GDP - real growth rate:-0.4% (2006)country comparison to the world: 1892.7% (2005)GDP - per capita (PPP):$22,000 (2006 est.)country comparison to the world: 68$18,000 (2004 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 3.1%industry: 20%services: 76.9% (2006)Agriculture - products:coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits, coffee; poultry, beef, dairy products; fishIndustries:tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphatesIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:116,000 (2007)country comparison to the world: 181Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 13%industry: 19%services: 68% (2002)Unemployment rate:11.7% (2010)country comparison to the world: 12311.7% (2005)Population below poverty line:19.7% (2009)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $865 millionexpenditures: $644.1 million (1999)Taxes and other revenues:15.3% of GDP (1999)country comparison to the world: 190Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):3.9% of GDP (1999)country comparison to the world: 16Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):1.1% (2007)country comparison to the world: 151.1% (2006 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NAExports:$200 million (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 184$211 million (2005 est.)Exports - commodities:cultured pearls, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meatImports:$2.2 billion (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 162$1.706 billion (2005 est.)Imports - commodities:fuels, foodstuffs, machinery and equipmentDebt - external:$NAExchange rates:Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar -90.01 (2010 est.)87.59 (2007)Energy ::French PolynesiaElectricity - production:725 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 154Electricity - consumption:674.3 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 160Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 196Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Electricity - installed generating capacity:140,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 160Electricity - from fossil fuels:66.4% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 117Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 90Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:33.6% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 65Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 126Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 136Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 113Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 185Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 134Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 179Refined petroleum products - consumption:8,000 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 158Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 178Refined petroleum products - imports:7,246 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 138Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 131Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 144Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 100Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 194Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 138Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:1.221 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 162Communications ::French PolynesiaTelephones - main lines in use:55,000 (2011)country comparison to the world: 162Telephones - mobile cellular:222,800 (2011)country comparison to the world: 177Telephone system:domestic: combined fixed and mobile-cellular density is roughly 100 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 689; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2011)Broadcast media:the publicly owned French Overseas Network (RFO), which operates in France's overseas departments and territories, broadcasts on 2 TV channels and 1 radio station; 1 government-owned TV station; a small number of privately owned radio stations (2008)Internet country code:.pfInternet hosts:37,949 (2012)country comparison to the world: 103Internet users:120,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 153Transportation ::French PolynesiaAirports:54 (2013)country comparison to the world: 88Airports - with paved runways:total: 45over 3,047 m: 21,524 to 2,437 m: 5914 to 1,523 m: 33under 914 m: 5 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 9914 to 1,523 m: 4under 914 m:5 (2013)Heliports:1 (2013)Roadways:total: 2,590 kmcountry comparison to the world: 170paved: 1,735 kmunpaved: 855 km (1999)Merchant marine:registered in other countries: 12 (Cambodia 1, France 11) (2010)country comparison to the world: 105Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): PapeeteMilitary ::French PolynesiaMilitary branches:no regular military forces (2011)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 82,722 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 67,363females age 16-49: 66,053 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 2,498female: 2,390 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of FranceTransnational Issues ::French PolynesiaDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
French Polynesia — Polynésie française (French) Pōrīnetia Farāni (Tahitian) … Wikipedia
French Polynesia — French overseas territory in the South Pacific, consisting principally of five archipelagoes: 1,260 sq mi (3,263 sq km); pop. 189,000; cap. Papeete: formerly called French (Settlements in) Oceania … English World dictionary
French Polynesia — a French overseas territory in the S Pacific, including the Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, and other scattered island groups. 119,168; 1544 sq. mi. (4000 sq. km). Cap.: Papeete. Formerly, French Oceania. * * * French Polynesia Introduction… … Universalium
French Polynesia — Catholics began the process of Christianizing the islands that are now French Polynesia in 1659, but Protestant efforts that began in the 19th century have won over the majority of the population. In 1797, a group of missionaries arrived in … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
French Polynesia — noun /ˈfrɛntʃ pɒl.ɪˈniː.ʒə,ˈfrɛntʃ pɒl.ɪˈniː.zi.ə,ˈfrɛntʃ pɒl.ɪˈniː.ʃə,ˈfrɛntʃ pɑ.lɪˈni.ʒə,ˈfrɛntʃ pɑ.ləˈni.ʒə/ An overseas territory of France in Oceania. Official name: Territory of French Polynesia … Wiktionary
French Polynesia — French′ Polyne′sia n. geg a French overseas territory in the S Pacific, including the Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, and other scattered island groups. 224,911; 1544 sq. mi. (4000 sq. km) Cap.: Papeete … From formal English to slang
French Polynesia — French Pol|y|ne|si|a about 130 islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, including ↑Tahiti, which belong to France. Population: 253,506 (2001). Capital: Papeete … Dictionary of contemporary English
French Polynesia — French overseas terr., South Pacific; comprises the Society, Marquesas, Gambier, and other islands; 1,550 sq. mi.; pop. 197,000; cap. Papeete … Webster's Gazetteer
French Polynesia — noun a French overseas possession in the South Pacific • Syn: ↑French Oceania • Instance Hypernyms: ↑possession • Part Holonyms: ↑Polynesia • Part Meronyms: ↑Society … Useful english dictionary
French Polynesia — /frɛntʃ pɒləˈniʒə/ (say french poluh neezhuh) noun a French overseas territory in the South Pacific, including the Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, and other widely scattered island groups. 3999 km2. Languages: French, Tahitian and other… … Australian English dictionary